How An Idea Becomes A Grant

Do Your Research First

  • Establish the need for your idea.
  • Who, What, When, Where and How?
  • Do the statistics and other information in the field bear you out?
  • Is the implementation of this idea consistent with your organizations mission?
  • Will it advance your organization’s core goals and objectives?
  • Does your proposal duplicate other efforts in the community.

Talk to Other People

  • Are they successful? How could they be improved?
  • Has it been tried in this area, in other states, in other countries?
  • Is there literature on the subject?
  • Are there other programs that have implemented your idea in some fashion?
  • Are there viable models that can be built on?

Identify Possible Collaborators and Partners

  • Are there other agencies that could make your idea stronger or make it reach farther?
  • Who are the “big” providers in the field?
  • Carefully Read and Analyze Potential Funding Sources:
        • Principles
      Policies
    Guidelines
    Timeline

Understand the Funder’s Internal Process

  • The Role of the Board of Directors
  • The Role of Staff
  • Internal Merit Process
  • Functional Timeline

Define Outcomes, Measures and Benchmarks

  • State the outcomes you want to accomplish with your idea.
  • State the measures that your idea can achieve.
  • State specific benchmarks that will occur if your idea works.
  • State several milestones in implementing your idea.
  • Evaluate your idea in the context of your stated outcomes, measures and benchmarks.
  • Is your idea still viable? 

Structure a Program

  • Staffing needs
  • Components: Location? What services will be provided? How will clients be identified?
  • Workplan Based on Outcomes, Measures, and Benchmarks
  • Timetable for operation or implementation
  • Articulate a monitoring, evaluation, and sustainability strategy

Work-out a Preliminary budget for the first year

  • What are the sources of income?
  • What are the likely expenses?
  • Write an Implementation Plan
  • What will you do first to put the idea into action?
  • What are the next steps?
  • Who is responsible for them?
  • Are the operations or services going to be phased in?
  • When do you expect full implementation?

Develop a Fund Raising Strategy that Includes Private and Public Funders

  • Leveraging resources are important. It is rare that a Foundation would be sole source of funding a project.
  • Decide which funding source will you approach to support specific parts of your budget.
  • Make sure you understand which funders will support which components:
capital expenses

core operating expenses
program cost
staff development

Select Potential Funders and Write your Proposals

  • Visit your local library to identify resources.

Some Potential Pitfalls

  • Do not write all your funding requests to cover the same expenses.
  • Be realistic in developing your budget; do not under-budget the project.
  • Be candid and straightforward about your potential challenges and weaknesses.
  • Follow instructions to the letter on number of copies, format of proposal, etc.

Some Good Things to Remember

  • A Foundation staff person is your best resource and will answer your questions honestly.
  • Keep your board members informed about your proposal.
  • Allow for things to take longer that you expected.

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